Quick Facts: Oregon

  • Law & Policy: 60% of metrics met
     
    • Laws authorizing comprehensive supports and services for youth experiencing homelessness: 83% of metrics met 
       

    • Preventing youth experiencing homelessness from coming into contact with the criminal and juvenile justice systems: 48% of metrics met 
       

    • Providing unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness the opportunity to seek legal independence and live independently: 88% of metrics met
       

    • Addressing the educational needs of youth experiencing homelessness: 33% of metrics met 
       

    • Allowing youth experiencing homelessness to access critical supports and services: 56% of metrics met 
       

  • Systems: 89% of metrics met 
     
  • Environment: 24% of metrics met

State Score 2020: 59

State Ranking 2020: 12

Oregon Highlights

Some areas where Oregon has moved the needle relative to other states include providing unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness the opportunity to seek legal independence and live independently, minimizing barriers to their access to comprehensive supports and services, and addressing their educational needs.

Law & Policy

  • The state explicitly allows unaccompanied youth under 18 to apply for health insurance coverage (without parental consent).

  • The state gives minors contract rights OR allows them to enter into binding contracts for certain purposes (e.g. necessities).

  • The state allows shelters to take in homeless youth with a delay or waiver of notification requirements.

  • The state doesn’t consider running away a criminal offense.

Systems​​

  • There is a current state plan to end homelessness.

    • The state plan has a "youth" component.

  • There is a state entity (Office of homeless youth services, homeless youth state coordinator, commission on homeless youth, etc.) that focuses solely on youth homelessness.

Environment

  • None.

Recommendations for Improvement

There is room for improvement throughout the metrics for the Beaver State, with emphasis on the Law & Policy and Environment categories. Preventing contact between youth experiencing homelessness and the criminal and juvenile justice systems and promoting safety and inclusion by providing protections forr LGBTQ+ youth within key state programs should be prioritized.

Law & Policy

  • The state should pass a law that funds and provides oversight and regulation to youth homelessness services.

  • The state should explicitly allow partial and alternative school credit accrual for homeless youth through regulations.

Systems

  • The state should establish an interagency council on homelessness to support coordination across agencies.

  • The state plan to end homelessness should be updated to include strategies specific to LGBTQ+ youth.

Environment

  • The state should require training about sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, healthy sexual development or issues specific to LGBTQ+ youth for staff working in RHY Systems.

  • The state should establish nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ+ youth in youth homelessness services.

  • The state should establish and maintain a stipended community advisory board for youth that informs youth homelessness policy (Youth Action Board).

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True Colors United & National Homelessness Law Center
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