Quick Facts: Hawaii

​​Performance Breakdown
  • Law & Policy: 69% of metrics met
     
    • Laws authorizing comprehensive supports and services for youth experiencing homelessness: 42% of metrics met 
       

    • Preventing youth experiencing homelessness from coming into contact with the criminal and juvenile justice systems: 71% of metrics met 
       

    • Providing unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness the opportunity to seek legal independence and live independently: 75% of metrics met
       

    • Addressing the educational needs of youth experiencing homelessness: 83% of metrics met 
       

    • Allowing youth experiencing homelessness to access critical supports and services: 78% of metrics met 
       

  • Systems: 44% of metrics met 
     
  • Environment: 24% of metrics met

State Score 2021: 57
State Ranking 2021: 19

2021 Score

2020 Score

56

57

Hawaii Highlights

One area where Hawaii has moved the needle relative to other states is providing unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness the opportunity to seek legal independence and live independently.

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Law & Policy

  • The state allows shelters to take in homeless youth with a delay or waiver of notification requirements.
     

  • The state can waive or not require parental consent for emancipation

  • The state does not explicitly allow police to take runaway youth into custody.

  • The state allows unaccompanied youth under 18 to apply for health insurance coverage on their own.

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Systems

  • The state provides tuition waivers for foster youth,

  • There is a state interagency council on homelessness.

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Environment

  • The state promotes safe and inclusive environments in child welfare and juvenile justice programs by providing protections based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

  • The state has banned conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression. 

Recommendations for Improvement

There is room for improvement throughout the metrics for the Aloha State, with emphasis on the Law & Policy and Environment categories. Laws authorizing comprehensive supports and services for youth experiencing homelessness, addressing their educational needs, and protecting the rights and interests of youth experiencing homelessness, including LGBTQ youth, should be prioritized.

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Law & Policy

  • Establish a state Runaway & Homeless Youth Act.

  • The state should allow minors, regardless of their legal status, to consent to examination and treatment relating to a sexual assault (without parental consent).

  • The state should decriminalize running away as a status offense. 

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Systems

  • Create a state entity – such as an Office of Homeless Youth Services – that focuses solely on designing, implementing, and evaluating youth homelessness programs.

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Environment

  • The state should establish and maintain a stipended community advisory board for youth that informs youth homelessness policy (Youth Action Board).

  • Require training about sexual orientation, gender identity, and expression, healthy sexual development, or issues specific to LGBTQ youth for staff working 
    in runaway and homeless youth systems.

  • The state should establish nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ+ youth in youth homelessness services.

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